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  世界本没有长难句,修饰成分多了,便有了长难句。

  大家在看长难句的时候,多思考,一个句子为什么这么长,常见的修饰成分到底有哪些?其实不多,连词、非谓语动词、介词以及同位语或插入语。

  今天我们来看这样一个句子:

  Fuller devised a type of dance that focused on the shifting play of lights and colors on the voluminous skirts or draperies she wore, which she kept in constant motion principally through movements of her arms, sometimes extended with wands concealed under her costumes. (44, OG)

  voluminous/və'lʊmənəs/adj.(指衣物)用料多的, 宽松的, 肥大的;

  drapery/'drepəri/n.布料

  wand/wɑnd/ n. 棍; 棒; 杖; (尤指小仙子或魔术师用的)魔杖

  costume/'kɑstum/ n. 服装, 服装式样

  Fuller devised a type of dance (that focused on the shifting play of lights and colors on the voluminous skirts or draperies she wore), (which she kept in constant motion principally through movements of her arms), (sometimes extended with wands concealed under her costumes).

  分析:

  修饰一:(that focused on the shifting play of lights and colors on the voluminous skirts or draperies she wore),从句,修饰dance,大家注意skirts or draperies (she wore)这里还有一个从句哦。

  中文:专注于灯光的变换和她所穿宽松的裙子或布料颜色

  修饰二:(which she kept in constant motion principally through movements of her arms),从句,修饰前面skirts or draperies,其实是keep skirts or draperies inconstant motion…

  中文:她主要通过手臂的移动使裙子或布料保持连续的移动

  修饰三:(sometimes extended with wands concealed under her costumes),非谓语动词,修饰arms。主要这里with wands (concealed under her costumes)中concealed under her costumes修饰wands

  中文:有时候手臂由于隐藏在衣服下面的手杖而变长

  主干:括号外面的,Fullerdevised a type of dance

  参考翻译:Fuller设计了一种(专注于灯光的变换和她所穿宽松的裙子或布料颜色)的舞蹈,在舞蹈中,她主要通过手臂的移动使裙子或布料保持连续的移动,有时候手臂由于隐藏在衣服下面的手杖而变长。

  这个句子的主要修饰成分就是从句和非谓语动词,大家务必想清楚,每一个修饰成分修饰的是什么,才能看清楚这个句子的结构。


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